José Manuel Piñera Echenique is a Chilean economist, known for his role in the generation and implementation of liberal reforms – which he called “the seven modernizations” – during the military dictatorship led by Augusto Pinochet, in which he served as Minister of State in the portfolios of Labor and Social Welfare and Mining. He was the creator of the private pension system (AFP) based on the individual capitalization and the “labor plan”, and a key promoter of the 1980 Constitution. After the Transition to democracy, he was elected councilor for the commune of Conchalí in the municipal elections of Chile in 1992, on behalf of the UDI, and candidate in the presidential election of Chile in 1993.
José Piñera is a member of the Piñera family, and brother of Chilean President Sebastián Piñera. He is considered one of the most important people in the world to promote the privatization of state pension systems, and is currently president of the International Center for Pension Reform, academic of the Cato Institute, and member of the Advisory Board of the Educational Initiative. for Central and Eastern Europe.